Why is yawning contagious?
*Yaaawwwwwn* Did just reading the word make you feel like yawning yourself? Known as contagious yawning, the reasons behind this phenomenon have been attributed to both the physiological and psychological. It’s been observed in children as young as four and even in dogs! Claudia Aguirre visits the many intriguing theories that might explain contagious yawning.
View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/why-is-yawning-contagious-claudia-aguirre
Lesson by Claudia Aguirre, animation by TED-Ed.
via TED Education.
Lawful Good is known as the “Saintly” or “Crusader” alignment. A Lawful Good character typically acts with compassion, and always with honor and a sense of duty. A Lawful Good nation would consist of a well-organized government that works for the benefit of its citizens. Lawful Good characters may sometimes find themselves faced with the dilemma of whether to obey law or good when the two conflict—for example, upholding a sworn oath when it would lead innocents to come to harm—or conflicts between two orders, such as between their religious law and the law of the local ruler. Lawful good is the best alignment you can be because it combines honor and compassion. Lawful good can be a dangerous alignment because it restricts freedom and criminalizes self-interest.
- Sensitive To The Feelings Of Others
- Respectful of “life, love, and the pursuit of happiness”
Neutral Good is known as the “Benefactor” alignment. A Neutral Good character is guided by his conscience and typically acts altruistically, without regard for or against Lawful precepts such as rules or tradition. A Neutral Good character has no problems with co-operating with lawful officials, but does not feel beholden to them. In the event that doing the right thing requires the bending or breaking of rules, they do not suffer the same inner conflict that a Lawful Good character would. Neutral good is the best alignment you can be because it means doing what is good without bias for or against order. Neutral good can be a dangerous alignment because it advances mediocrity by limiting the actions of the truly capable.
- Protective of Life
Chaotic Good is known as the “Beatific,” “Rebel,” or “Cynic” alignment. A Chaotic Good character favors change for a greater good, disdains bureaucratic organizations that get in the way of social improvement, and places a high value on personal freedom, not only for oneself, but for others as well. They always intend to do the right thing, but their methods are generally disorganized and often out of alignment with the rest of society. They may create conflict in a team if they feel they are being pushed around, and often view extensive organization and planning as pointless, preferring to improvise. While they do not have evil intentions, they may do bad things (even though they will not enjoy doing these things) to people who are, in their opinion, bad people, if it benefits the greater good. Chaotic Good is the best alignment you can be because it combines a good heart with a free spirit. Chaotic Good can be a dangerous alignment because it disrupts the order of society and punishes those who do well for themselves.
- Respectful of Personal Liberties
Lawful Neutral is called the “Judge” or “Disciplined” alignment. A Lawful Neutral character typically believes strongly in Lawful concepts such as honor, order, rules and tradition, and often follows a personal code. A Lawful Neutral society would typically enforce strict laws to maintain social order, and place a high value on traditions and historical precedent. Examples of Lawful Neutral characters might include a soldier who always follows orders, a judge or enforcer that adheres mercilessly to the word of the law, and a disciplined monk.Characters of this alignment are neutral with regard to good and evil. This does not mean that Lawful Neutral characters are amoral or immoral, or do not have a moral compass, but simply that their moral considerations come a distant second to what their code, tradition, or law dictates. They typically have a strong ethical code, but it is primarily guided by their system of belief, not by a commitment to good or evil. Lawful neutral is the best alignment you can be because it means you are reliable and honorable without being a zealot. Lawful neutral can be a dangerous alignment because it seeks to eliminate all freedom, choice, and diversity in society.
- Respectful of Authority
Neutral alignment, also referred to as True Neutral or Neutral Neutral, is called the “Undecided” or “Nature’s” alignment. This alignment represents Neutral on both axes, and tends not to feel strongly towards any alignment. A farmer whose primary overriding concern is to feed his family is of this alignment. Most animals, lacking the capacity for moral judgment, are of this alignment. Many roguish characters who play all sides to suit themselves are also of this alignment. Some Neutral characters, rather than feeling undecided, are committed to a balance between the alignments. They may see good, evil, law and chaos as simply prejudices and dangerous extremes. Neutral is the best alignment you can be because it means you act naturally, without prejudice or compulsion. Neutral can be a dangerous alignment because it represents apathy, indifference, and a lack of conviction.
Chaotic Neutral is called the “Anarchist” or “Free Spirit” alignment. A character of this alignment is an individualist who follows his or her own heart, and generally shirks rules and traditions. Although they promote the ideals of freedom, it is their own freedom that comes first. Good and Evil come second to their need to be free, and the only reliable thing about them is how totally unreliable they are. Chaotic Neutral characters are free-spirited and do not enjoy the unnecessary suffering of others, but if they join a team, it is because that team’s goals coincide with their own. They invariably resent taking orders and can be very selfish in their pursuit of personal goals. A Chaotic Neutral character does not have to be an aimless wanderer; they may have a specific goal in mind, but their methods of achieving that goal are often disorganized, unorthodox, or entirely unpredictable. Chaotic neutral is the best alignment you can be because it represents true freedom from both society’s restrictions and a do-gooder’s zeal. Chaotic neutral can be a dangerous alignment because it seeks to eliminate all authority, harmony, and order in society.
Lawful Evil is referred to as the “Dominator” or “Diabolic” alignment. Characters of this alignment see a well-ordered system as being easier to exploit, and show a combination of desirable and undesirable traits; while they usually obey their superiors and keep their word, they care nothing for the rights and freedoms of other individuals and are not averse to twisting the rules to work in their favour. Examples of this alignment include tyrants, devils, undiscriminating mercenary types who have a strict code of conduct, and loyal soldiers who enjoy the act of killing. Lawful Evil characters may sometimes find themselves faced with the dilemma of whether to obey law or evil when the two conflict. However, their issues with Law versus Evil are more concerned with “Will I get caught?” versus “How does this benefit me?” Lawful evil creatures consider their alignment to be the best because it combines honour with a dedicated self-interest. Lawful evil is the most dangerous alignment because it represents methodical, intentional, and frequently successful evil.
- Respectful of Authority and Power
Neutral Evil is called the “Malefactor” alignment. Characters of this alignment are typically selfish and have no qualms about turning on their allies-of-the-moment. They have no compunctions about harming others to get what they want, but neither will they go out of their way to cause carnage or mayhem when they see no direct benefit to it. They abide by laws for only as long as it is convenient for them. A villain of this alignment can be more dangerous than either Lawful or Chaotic Evil characters, since he is neither bound by any sort of honour or tradition nor disorganized and pointlessly violent. Examples are an assassin who has little regard for formal laws but does not needlessly kill, a henchman who plots behind his superior’s back, or a mercenary who switches sides if made a better offer. Neutral evil beings consider their alignment to be the best because they can advance themselves without regard for others. Neutral evil is the most dangerous alignment because it represents pure evil without honour and without variation.
Chaotic Evil is referred to as the “destroyer” or “demonic” alignment. characters of this alignment tend to have no respect for rules, other people’s lives, or anything but their own desires, which are typically selfish and cruel. they set a high value on personal freedom, but do not have any regard for the lives or freedom of other people. they do not work well in a group, as they resent being given orders, and usually only behave themselves out of fear of punishment. it is not compulsory for a chaotic evil character to be constantly performing sadistic acts just for the sake of being evil, or constantly disobeying orders just for the sake of causing chaos. they do however enjoy the suffering of others, and view honor and self-discipline as weaknesses. serial killers and monsters of limited intelligence are typically chaotic evil. Chaotic evil beings believe their alignment is the best because it combines self-interest and pure freedom. Chaotic evil is the most dangerous alignment because it represents the destruction not only of beauty and life but also of the order on which beauty and life depend.
Astronomers surprised by large space rock less dense than water
Kuiper belt object challenges planet-formation theories.
A planetary scientist has identified the largest-known solid object in the Solar System that could float in a bathtub. The rock-and-ice body, which circles well outside the orbits of the planets, is less dense than water — although a bathtub big enough to hold it would stretch from London to Frankfurt.
The body, dubbed 2002 UX25, lies in the Kuiper belt, a reservoir of dwarf planets, comets and smaller frozen bodies beyond the orbit of Neptune. The object’s low density and size — it is 650 kilometres wide — seem to conflict with a leading model for the formation of large solid bodies in the Kuiper belt and throughout the Solar System. Planetary scientist Michael Brown of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena reports its density measurement in an upcoming issue of The Astrophysical Journal Letters, with a preprint available on the arXiv online repository.
The only argument I really need to defend Sansa Stark. You know… besides the one where she thinks she’s all alone in the world and her whole family has been murdered and she’s fighting to not meet the same end.
reminder that she was 11 when all of this started in the books, too - being 14 in the show is older than she is in the books
sansa is one of the most politically astute barely-teens i have seen and she’s demonstrating the ability to learn and adapt in a way that will make her one of the most politically devastating women in westeros if she continues to survive
anyone who hates on the young child for behaving in a way that seems illogical to an uninvolved adult commenter with a much wider view of the situation the child is in can meet me in the parking lot tbh
The Chain of Obedience
The death squads and concentration camps of history were never staffed by rebels and dissidents. They were were run by those who followed the rules.
Symbolism and History behind the new Portrait of Danish Royal Family
The new portrait of the Danish Royal Family is entitled “The Royal Family” and is painted by the Danish painter Thomas Kluge. “The Royal Family” is the first royal family portrait in Danish history since Laurits Tuxen’s “Fredensborg painting” (x), portraying King Christian IX and Queen Consort Louise with their family.
“The Royal Family” has been painted over four years and portrays Queen Margrethe II and Prince Consort Henrik with their sons, daughter in laws and grandchildren in the Garden Room at Fredensborg Palace. The royal family is portrayed in the same place as in Tuxen’s “Fredensborg Picture”, just as the rococo sofa Queen Margrethe and Prince Consort are sitting on is the same that is portrayed in Tuxen’s painting from the 1880’s.
Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Mary stands on the left in the painting in front of the ruins of the Roman arches. It symbolizes that they are a city family. Joachim and Marie is on the far right in the painting, even though the background is a little dark behind them, they symbolize that they are the rural part of the royal family.
Prince Christian stands serious and stiff in the center of the painting. It symbolizes that he is the one who has the responsibility of carrying on the royal family and the monarchy.
Of the 14 members of the royal family members in the painting, it is only Prince Christian, Queen Margrethe and Crown Prince Frederik, who looks directly at the spectator. This is a symbol that it’s this trio who are the most important members in the family.
Prince Joachim and Countess Alexandra’s divorce is symbolized in the building of the big lego tower. It symbolizes that Prince Joachim and Countress Alexandra’s family was broken down, but that the family now is rebuilt.
Princess Marie looks down at her daughter, Princess Athena, with an almost Madonna-like expression. In the painting you also see Crown Princess Mary carrying Princess Josephine while she tenderly looks to left at Prince Vincent on Crown Prince Frederik’s arm. It symbolizes that Mary is both a mother of four, and the country’s future queen.
The painter Thomas Kluge and his wife can also be seen in the painting. His wife is portrayed as a small figure in a green dress in the background of the painting. Kluge is the man holding her hand. They are portrayed as they were portrayed in his portrait of his own family (x).
What the Heck is the Debt Ceiling?
The Debt Ceiling explained. Why comparing Federal Debt and personal debt creates very bad understanding of the world.
Correction Milton Friedman was a monetarist and not an Austrian school economist. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monetarism)
And although Friedrich von Hayek is arguably the most notable proponent of the Austrian school, he is certainly not the founder. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austrian_economics)